Nirajan Gh.

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  • The devastation of Corona and the Singha Durbar of villages

     The global epidemic of the Novel Corona virus has infected more than half a million people worldwide and killed an estimated 3.5 million people. The world is terrified of this epidemic and human life is being threatened. Our country Nepal could not remain untouched by this global epidemic. By the time this material was prepared, more than a thousand corona infections had been found in Nepal and five people had lost their lives.

    Due to the corona virus, which has taken the form of a global epidemic, the general Nepalis are terrified. Even so, owning one is still beyond the reach of the average person. So are you and your neighbors safe from Korna infection? Isn't the infection spreading like wildfire? This is what the general public is afraid of. On the one hand, they are scared due to the corona infection, on the other hand, ordinary Nepali youths are returning home from home and abroad, while thousands of youths have been forced to lose their jobs and the number of unemployed youths in villages has increased. They are currently without work. This does not mean that the disease and hunger situation in the village society will not be dire in the future.

    Indeed, the youths were not in the village when they were farming yesterday. The limited number of farmers in the village, even the elderly people, have been cultivating as much as they can and the limited amount of food produced by them and some of the money brought by the same youths have been working for so long. Now, if the scope of the test is not widened and the timber is still lengthening, how many days will the grain grown by the farmer living in the village and the limited amount of money earned by the same youth last? In the villages, on the one hand, the general youth, the unemployed, on the other hand, the food shortage will be over and a situation of monstrous famine will be created.

    The role of local levels, with few exceptions, has not been very effective in the current catastrophic epidemic. Although limited local levels have tried to do something different, local governments as a whole have not been able to play an effective role except bringing people from cities to villages and distributing relief. So much work was done yesterday even during the devastating earthquake when there was no local government. Really, the local government where the legislature, executive and judicial committee are at the same level have the right to formulate policy on their own. Isn't it necessary to change our policy rules according to the situation like catastrophe and epidemic and bring a package program accordingly to prevent the unspent budget epidemic prevention and the situation arising from it? With only one month left in the current fiscal year, the total budget of the entire country has not been spent more than eighteen percent. From this point of view, it seems that the local level has also spent on its periphery and a lot of budget is yet to be spent. Is it still waiting for the budget to be spent? Thus, when the citizens are suffering from disease and hunger and want "quick relief from the disease and escape from hunger", the development of the dozer will not save the citizens from the disease nor will their hunger be eradicated! ’

    Therefore, for some time, all the checkpoints within the municipality will be sealed off and the air circulation will be closed and the local government will not be able to spend its own budget. If we can manage and prevent the spread of the remaining diseases, this will be the concrete and important unforgettable task of the local government in the current situation. Strategies in the program package to create employment for the unemployed youth who entered the village even after the epidemic of Corona and to develop entrepreneurship in them by establishing and developing small and cottage enterprises based on collective and cooperative commercial farming, advanced animal husbandry, forest and handicrafts. Being prepared and implemented will be the second important step and these steps will turn both the disease and hunger of the common citizen. At last, the citizens will feel the local government and feel that there is a Sihdarbar in the village. Otherwise, in such a dire situation where disease and hunger are rampant, bringing the city dwellers from the city to the village and taking them to the houses of the citizens and distributing soap and masks alone does not give the general public the feeling of a village. Sihandarbar of the village envisaged with such a big right, getting involved in small things can spread disillusionment among the citizens. Therefore, the Sihandarwar of the village, which is silent even in the difficult situation, has no meaning. There is still time to do something, let's not wait for the tortoise speed of the corona test!

  • Republic and the last twelve years

    The first meeting of the first Constituent Assembly declared Nepal a republic on June 3, 2008. From today, the Republic of Nepal has completed 13 years and entered 13 years. The proclamation of the republic was a turning point in Nepali politics, a semantic-political effort to lead Nepali society in a democratic manner.

    A section of the people was seeking change from the situation of discrimination, inequality and under-representation imposed by feudalism. The people's movement that combined all these forces finally provided the basis for institutionalizing the republic through the Constituent Assembly. While the country is moving towards a republic by abandoning the monarchical system, many of the dreams shared by the leaders with the people are still dreams. In a federal democratic republic, it was explained that no one suffers. But even after so many years of the establishment of the republic, there was no environment for the common people to feel the change. Although the policy has changed since the establishment of the republic, the leadership has not been able to change its thinking accordingly.

    Looking at today's trend, only the name has changed. After the advent of the republic, the king was replaced by the president, but when you look at the cover, the salute and the red carpet, you can see the king. In the 12 years since the restoration of the republic, there have been 10 prime ministers and about 300 ministers, but the presence of women, dalits, janajatis, Madhesis and minorities in the cabinet is low. Even in the courts, the practice of making appointments on the basis of political affiliation began in this republic. At the same time, the tendency to ignore those who have struggled to do something for the country and to embrace oneself and those close to them is the most valuable in these 12 years. In the 25 years since the Maoists started the armed struggle for equality, in the 14 years of the Second People's Movement, in the 12 years since the republic came to the country, in the four years since the inclusive constitution was drafted, Rukum has gone back to heinous crimes like untouchability and racism. "Was that the essence of the republic?" The Republic of Nepal needs to change the consciousness and behavior of the common man, not limiting equality to paper.

    In these 12 years, political efforts to institutionalize the republic have paid off. The constitution has been made. Federalism has been implemented. The groundwork for proportional representation has been laid in other state bodies. Despite the political stability after the last election, the leadership of the government has not been able to move forward with a centralized mentality. People's demands have not been addressed as they have been rejecting the basic conditions of economic development. When it comes to earthquakes, blockades, corona epidemics, the hollowness of our leadership and state machinery has been seen. But it does not make the principle of a republic irrelevant, but rather paves the way for the institutionalization of a democratic republic at the community level and at every civic level.

    Many changes have taken place in Nepal, people have been elected by the people to determine the fate of the country. It is said that even the river returns in 12 years. Let the change in the lives of the common people be felt quickly and let the people be happy, happy and prosperous. Let's hope that Nepalis will soon see a golden dawn with the politics of the country. Happy Republic Day!

  • Nepal suffers corona and economy

     Nepal's economy, a small country that has been a hotbed of political instability and poverty since time immemorial, is once again trapped. In anticipation of the possible damage to Corona, which arrived in neighboring India at the behest of the world's largest power, Lakdaun was declared in Nepal with effect from April 26, 2010 with the objective of minimizing the risk. The sudden closure of all kinds of small and medium enterprises in the country, which is dependent on revenue and remittances, had its first effect on the daily wage earners. In such a situation, they took out their wings and became like abandoned birds. Just like a winged bird can neither fly nor survive.

    The sharp decline in revenue collection after the lockout has added fuel to the fire by remittances, which account for 28.5 percent of the total households. The World Bank has projected that Nepal's economic growth will be limited to 1.5 to 2.8 percent this year. It was 7.1 percent last year. Many industries have come to a complete standstill as the market has been shaken by the lockdown. The impact of the lockdown is expected to have a major impact on agriculture, which accounts for more than 27 percent of the economy. On the plus side, there has been no reduction in import rates since the country began to slump, which is surprising. India accounts for 70.2 percent of Nepal's total imports. This underscores Nepal's dependence on India and encourages India to get more involved in Nepal's internal affairs. This year alone, Nepal's trade deficit has exceeded 11.93 trillion. In order to reduce this, it is necessary to reduce imports and emphasize on exports.

    There has been no major change in the budget speech for the current fiscal year and the next fiscal year other than a change in the size of the budget and the addition of the word corona in two or three places. Presenting the basic objective of Nepal's FY 2077/78 budget, which has always been presented on the Republic Day this year as well, Finance Minister Yubaraj Khatiwada said, ” Although the announcement is clear, the implementation will definitely take place in the coming days. Due to the increase in the budget in the field of education and health this year, there is a growing confusion among the people as to whether the budget is limited to speeches. Probably because they forgot to open the car window and the glass of the big palace, the leaders did not see the suffering of the people. With the Corona disaster wreaking havoc on the nation's economy, allocating more money to the Corona Relief Fund than to the Parliamentary Development Fund shows that the budget is focused on the development of parliamentarians rather than the people and the country. Started collecting.

    Nowadays, it will not be easy to win the election on the basis of false oaths and big assurances. The day has come when we have to go before the people and fulfill our promises. Just as Japan, completely exhausted after World War II, has become the world's third largest economy today, using its resources wisely through the Industrial Revolution. Following that, Nepal can also set an example in the days to come. For that, Nepal needs to take Corona as an opportunity rather than a challenge. On this occasion, the government should be able to reduce the foreign supply and bring the goods to the market by emphasizing the domestic production. It is important for the people to give importance to indigenous products and promote it. Only if this is done will the trade deficit be reduced and the national economy be balanced. As a result, Nepal will be practically independent not only on paper but also in practice for the cessation of foreign interference in Nepal's internal affairs. To dream of making Nepal Switzerland without any plan would be like saying "die like the fruit of the sky". Therefore, it has become inevitable for the government, the opposition and the entire Nepali people to unite and save the national economy, even for the sake of the nation.